Wednesday, August 24, 2016

ራስዎን ከጎሰኝነትና ከዘረኝነት ይጠብቁ!!!!!! እንዴት?

አገር ያወቀው፣ ፀሐይ የሞቀው ተረት ባስታውሳችሁ ለውይይታችን የበለጠ ይረዳናል። አንድ መንገደኛ ሰው ይመሽበትና ከአንድ መንደር ለማደር «የእግዜር እንግዳ፤ አሳድሩኝ» እያለ ይለምናል። የሚያድርበት ቦታ ቢፈልግም በልቡ አንድ ነገር ሰግቷል። የዛ አገር ሰዎች «ቡዶች ናቸው» ሲባል ስለሰማ ቀርጥፈው እንዳይበሉት ፈርቷል። ይሁንና «ቤት የግዚሐር ነው» ያለ ገበሬ በሩን ይከፍትለትና ያስተናግደዋል። የሰውየው ልጆች እግሩን ሲያጥቡት፣ ባለቤቱ ራት በሰፌድ፣ ጠላ በሽክና ታቀርብለታለች። እስካሁን በተደረገለት ሁሉ እጅግ የተደሰተው እንግዳ ዘና ማለት ሲጀምር በልቡ የቋጠራትን ጥያቄ ያወጣል። «ለመሆኑ የቡዶቹ መንደር የት ነው?» ይላል። የቤቱ ባለቤትም ሲመልስለት «እዚያ ማዶ ያሉት ሰዎች እኛን ይላሉ፣ እኛም እነርሱን እንላለን» ሲል ይመልስለታል። የጎሰኝነቱም እንደዚያው ነው። ሁላችንም ጣት እንደተጠቋቆምን አለን። አዳሜ ሁሏም ጥቂት ጥቂት ጎሰኝነት እና መንደርተኝነት አታጣም።
«ዘረኝነት» መጥፎ መሆኑን ሁላችንም ብናምንም በዚህ ዘመን የተለያየ ጎሳ እና ብሔረሰብ ስላለን ያንን ተያይዞ የሚመጣው ችግር፤ ማለትም ጎሰኝነት፤ አጥቅቶናል። የእርሱን ዘረኝነት ዘረኝነት ባይለውም ዘረኛውም ሰውዬ ጭምር ዘረኝነትን ሲቃወም ልንሰማው እንችላለን። በርግጥ አገራችን ውስጥ ያለው ችግር «ዘረኝነት» ሳይሆን «ጎሰኝነት» መሆኑን ፕ/ር መስፍንን ጨምሮ ብዙ ሰዎች ይናገራሉ። ሁላችንም ዘራችን እና ቀለማችን ጥቁር ስለሆነ የተለያየን አይደለንም።በአገራችን ጉዳይ የሚጻፉ ጽሑፎች ግን ሁለቱን ቃላት በተለዋዋጭነት ይጠቀሙበታል። ለጊዜው ዘረኝነት ስንል ጎሰኝነት ማለታችን እንጂ እንደ ጥቁሮች እና ነጮች ችግር ያለ አለመሆኑ ከግንዛቤ ይግባና ሁላችንም ዘረኝነት የምንቃወም ነገር ግን ጥቂት ጥቂትም ቢሆን ዘረኝነት የሚያጠቃን መሆናችንን እንገንዘብ።

እዚህ ላይ ግን አንድ መሠረታዊ ጉዳይ ግን ማንሣት ያስፈልጋል። በአገራችን ጎሳን እና ጎጥን፣ ወንዝንና መንደርን መሠረት አድርጎ መጠቃቀም የነበረ እንጂ አዲስ ነገር አይደለም። በዚህ ዘመን ግን ልዩ የሆነውና አገራችንን የበጠበጠበት ምክንያትና ነገሩን ያከፋው በዘመነ ሕወሐት ያለው ጎሰኝነት ግለሰባዊ ብቻ ሳይሆን «ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት» (Institutional racism) መሆኑ ነው። ኢሕአዴግ መልሶ መላልሶ እንደሚናገረው «ችግሩ የመልካም አስተዳደር ችግር»፣ የተወሰኑ አባሎቹ ያመጡት የተሳሳተ አሠራር ሳይሆን የፓርቲው ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት ያመጣው ችግር ነው። ጎሰኝነት የፓርቲው ፖሊሲ ነው።
ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት ማለት በተቋም ደረጃ ሰውን በብሔረሰቡ ማንነት ላይ ተመርኩዞ መጥቀም ወይም መጉዳት ማለት ነው። የትኛውንም አገልግሎት ለማግኘት ቅድሚያ ማግኘት ማለት ነው። የገዢው ፓርቲ ወገን የሆኑ ብዙ ሰዎች የማይረዱት ነገር ይህ ነው። ከትግራይ የተወለዱ እና የዚህ ጎሰኝነት ተቋዳሽ ያልሆኑ ሰዎችን በመጥቀስ ለመከራከር የሚሞክሩት የጎሰኝነቱን መሠረታዊ ምንጭ ካለመገንዘብ ይመስላል። ጎሰኝነቱ ግለሰባዊ ሳይሆን ተቋማዊ «ኢኒስቲቲዩሽናል ትራይባሊዝም/ Institutional racism» መሆኑ ላይ መግባባት ይጠይቃል። ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት ያመጣው ጭቆና ደግሞ ተቋማዊ ጭቆና («institutional discrimination») ነው። አንድ ሰው ከትግራይ በመወለዱ ከሌላው ብሔረሰብ በላይ የመጠቀም ዕድሉ ከፍ ያለ ሲሆን አንዳንዱ ደግሞ ከሌላ ብሔረሰብ በመወለዱ ብቻ ለጉዳት ሊጋለጥ የሚችልበት ዕድል ከፍ ያለ ነው፤ ይህም በተግባር ታይቷል።
እንዲህ ያለው ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት በሚሰለጥንበት ወቅት ሌሎች ጎሳዎችም ለዚያ አፀፋ ወደሚሰጡበት ሌላ ጥግ ተገፍተው ይኼዳሉ። እነርሱም በራሳቸው ጎሳ ዙሪያ የመደራጀት፣ የጨቋኙን ጎሳ አባላት በጅምላ የመጥላት እና በተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት ያጡትን ጥቅም የዚያን ጎሳ አባላት በማጥቃት ለመበቀል ወደመፈለግ ሊሄዱ ይችላሉ። አንዳንዱ ቂም ተጸንሶ ሳይወለድ ይመክናል። አንዳንዱ ግን በሐሳብ የተጸነሰው በተግባር ተለውጦ ብዙ ችግር ሊፈጥር ይችላል። «ለማንኛውም ድርጊት ተመጣጣኝ የሆነ ተቃራኒ ድርጊት አለ - For every actionthere is an equal and opposite reaction» የሚለው የፊዚክስ ሕግ (Newton's third law) መቸም በዚህም ይሠራል ቢባል ብዙም ስሐተት አይሆንም። ይሁንና ጎሰኝነት በጎሰኝነት አይፈወስም። ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነትን ለማጥፋት ሌላ ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነትን መመሥረት ወይም ለመመሥረት መታገል መፍትሔ አይሆንም።
ከዚህ አንጻር ስንመለከተው የሕወሐትን ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት ለመለወጥ የሚደረግ ማንኛውም ተቃውሞ በኅሊናዊ ዳኝነትም ሆነ በሥነ ምግባራዊ ደንብ ተቀባይነት ይኖረዋል ብዬ አምናለኹ። ለውጡ ደግሞ የቀለም ቅብ በማድረግ የሚሻሻል አይሆንም። መሠረታዊ ለውጥ ይፈልጋል። መሠረታዊ የሆነ የሕግ ለውጥን የሚጠይቅ እንጂ ጉልቻ በመለዋወጥ የሚፈታ አይደለም። ኢሕአዴግን በመምከር የሚመጣ ለውጥ የለም። ፈረንጆቹ እንደሚሉት «አሳማን ሊፒስቲክ መቀባት:: To put "lipstick on a pig"» ይሆናል። ሊፒስቲክ አሳማን ውብ አያደርጋትም። ለውጥ ሲባልም የሕወሐትን ጎሰኝነት በአማራ ወይም በኦሮሞ ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት መለወጥ አይደለም። ሙሉ በሙሉ ፍትሐዊ የሆነ ተቋማዊ አሠራርን ለመመሥረት ያለመ መሆን አለበት።
ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ ግን ጎሰኝነቱን ለመቃወም በሚደረግ ጥረት አስቀድሞ ያልነበሩ ጎሰኝነቶች ሊያቆጠቁጡ እና የችግሩ ሰለባ ያልሆኑ አካላትን ሊጎዱ የሚችሉበትን ዕድል አብሮ መቃወም ያስፈልጋል። የሕወሐትን ጎሰኝነት ለመቃወም የሚደረገው ተቃውሞ ሰላማዊ ዜጎችን በሥነልቡናም ይሁን በአካል ሊጎዳ እንዳይችል ኃላፊነት የሚወድቅበት ጎሰኝነቱን በሚቃወመው ወገን ላይ ነው። ከዚህ በፊት እንደተለመደው ሁሉ በሁሉም የአገራችን ክፍሎች የሚኖሩ የትግራይ ልጆች የዕለትተዕለት ኑሯቸው እንደማይነካ በቃልም በተግባርም ማሳየት ያስፈልጋል። ከሕወሐት በኩል በየቀኑ የሚነዛባቸውን የሽብር ማዕበል እንዲቋቋሙ ማገዝ ያስፈልጋል። «ጦር ከፈታው ወሬ የፈታው» ነውና በመንግሥታዊው ጎሰኛ ድርጅት ተጠልፈው ከቀሪው ወገናቸው ተለይተው እንዳይቀሩ ማገዝ ያስፈልጋል። ኃላፊነት የሚሰማው ዜጋ ይህንን ያደርጋል፣ እስካሁንም የተደረገው በርግጥ ይኼው ነው። ለዘጠኝ ወራት በዘለቀው የኦሮሚያ ተቃውሞ የትግራይ ሰዎች ዒላማ አልተደረጉም። በአማራ ክልል በተቀጣጠለው እምቢተኝነት ትግራዋዩን ዒላማ ያደረገ ጥቃት እንዳልተፈጸመ የአማራ ክልል መንግሥት ጭምር ተናግረውበታል። በላባቸው ንብረት ያፈሩ፣ የሰው ደም በእጃቸው ላይ የሌለ፣ የጎሰኝነቱ የቀጥታ ተጠቃሚዎች ያልሆኑ ወገኖች ምንም አይሰጉም። ኮረኔል መንግሥቱ እንዳሉት (ያለፈ ሥርዓት ናፋቂ እንዳይሉኝ እንጂ) «ብታምኑም ባታምኑም፣ ወደዳችሁም፣ ጠላችሁም፣ ይህ ሕዝብ የምትነዱትን መኪና፣ የምትኖሩትን ሕይወት …. በደንብ ያውቃል»። ማን በዘረፋ እንዳገኘ፣ ማን በላቡ እንዳገኘ ሕዝብ ያውቃል። የተቋማዊው ጎሰኝነት ተጠቃሚዎች በርግጥም ቢፈሩ አይፈረድባቸውም። ሰላማዊው ሕዝብ ግን በምን ጦሱ ይስጋ?
በመጨረሻ እያንዳንዱ ኢትዮጵያዊ ዜጋ ሊያውቃቸው የሚገቡ ሦስት ነጥቦችን በመጠቀስ ሐሳባችንን እንቋጭ። 1ኛ. ኢትዮጵያ የብዙ ብሔረሰቦች አገር እንደመሆኗ ከራሳችን ጎሳ ውጪ ስላለው ወገን ለማወቅ ሙከራ ማድረግ ያስፈልጋል። ከ80 በላይ ቋንቋ በሚነገርባት አገር፣ የሁሉንም ታሪክና ባህል ለማወቅ መሞከር አባይን በጭልፋ ቢሆንም ዋና ዋናዎቹን ብሔረሰቦች ማንነት አለማወቅ ግን አዋቂነት አይሆንም። ሕወሐት የአዲስ አበባን ሕዝብ ለማስፈራራት እና እንዳያምጽበት ለማድረግ ተጠቅሞበታል ከሚባለው ማስፈራሪያ አንዱ «ኦሮሞ ይመጣባችኋል» መሆኑን ስሰማ እጅጉን ማዘኔን አስታውሳለኹ። ኦሮሞ በአንድ የአገሪቱ ጥግ ያለ ትንሽ ብሔረሰብ አይደለም። ለምሳሌ እንደ ሐመር ወይም ሙርሲ ከአዲስ አበባ የራቀ አይደለም። በአዲስ አበባና በአካባቢው ያለው ኦሮሞ ነው። በሕዝብ ብዛት ትልቁ ኦሮሞ ነው። ታዲያ የአዲስ አበባ ሰው «ኦሮሞ መጣብህ» በመል ማስፈራሪያ እንዴት ሊሰጋ ይችላል? ሕወሐት የአዲስ አበባን ሰው እንዴት ቢንቀው ነው በኦሮሞ የሚያስፈራራው?» የሚል ሐሳብ ማጫሩ አይቀርም።
በዚህ ረገድ አንዳችን ስለሌላችን ብሔረሰብ ታሪክ «የመጽሐፍ መግቢያ ላይ ያለ ትንሽ ሐሳብ ያህል» እንኳን ለማወቅ ለራሳችን የቤት ሥራ መውሰድ ይኖርብናል። ምሁራንም በዚህ በኩል ከዕውቀታቸው በማካፈል መርዳት አለባቸው። አንድ ስለ ኢትዮጵያ ምንም የማያውቅ ሰው መጠነኛ ግንዛቤ እንዲኖረው ከምን መጀመር አለበት? ምን ማንበብ አለበት? አማራው ስለ ኦሮሞው ወይም ትግሬው፣ ትግሬው ስለ ኦሮሞው ወይም አማራው ሊያውቀው የሚገባው ምንድነው? ባለማወቅ ከሚመጣ መፈራራት ትውልዱን እንዴት መታደግ ይቻላል? ከኢሕአዴግ በፊት በነበረው የትምህርት ሥርዓት ለመማር ዕድል የገጠመን ሰዎች የዚህን ነገር አስፈላጊነት ላንገነዘበው እንችላለን። 60% ዜጋችን ኢሕአዴግ ከመጣ የተወለደ ወጣት መሆኑን እና ያገኘውም ዕውቀት ሕወሐት በሚፈልገው መልክ የተቀመመ መሆኑን ስንረዳ ዕውቀትን በዕውቀት ማለት እንዳለብን እንገነዘባለን። ጤናማ ታሪክን ማወቅ ከብዙ አገራዊ ደዌ ይታደገናል።
በሁለተኛ ደረጃ አገራችን ውስጥ ተቋማዊ ጎሰኝነት እና ግለሰባዊ ጎሰኝነት ተንሰራፍቷል ካልን የዚህን ችግር ከየትመጣ (the evolutionary root of tribalism) ለማወቅ መጣር አለብን። ሕወሐትን በጅምላ በማውገዝና በመስደብ ሳይሆን በሰከነ መንገድ የነገሩን ጅማሮ በመረዳት ወደ መፍትሔው ለመድረስ መጣር ይገባናል። በጉዳዩ ላይ ዕውቀት ያላቸው ምሁራን ምንጩን በመጠቆም መርዳት አለባቸው። በርግጥ በጉዳዩ ላይ በሰፊው የተጻፈ ከመሆኑ አንጻር ለተጠቃሚ በሚመች መልክ ማደራጀት ብቻ በቂ ሊሆን ይችላል። ስለዚህ ነገር ለማወቅ የሚፈልግ ወጣኒ/ጀማሪ/ ዜጋ ከየት ይጀምር? የትኛውን መጽሐፍ ያንብብ? ማንን ይጠይቅ? ወዘተ
ሦስተኛም የመፍትሔው አካል ለመሆን ራሳችንን እናዘጋጅ። «ጨለማን በማውገዝ» የሚገኝ ብርሃን እንደሌለው ይልቁንም «አንድ ሻማ ማብራት» እንደሚሻለው ሁሉ ጎሰኝነትን አምርረን ከመቃወም ጎን ለጎን ይህንን በሽታ ልናጠፋ የምንችልበትን መፍትሔ መፈለግ፣ መፍትሔ ነው ለሚባለው መድኃኒት ተባባሪና አጋዥ ለመሆን መጣር ያስፈልጋል። በግላችን ራሳችንን ከጎሰኛና ዘረኛ አባባሎች እንቆጥብ። በንግግርም፣ በጽሑፍም፣ በቀልድም፣ በቁምነገርም ጎሰኝነትን የሚያስፋፉ ሰዎችን በቀጥተኝነት መንፈስ እናርም። የሌላውን ብሔረሰብ ጎሰኝነት እየተቃወምን የራሳችን ሲሆን እያየን እንዳላየን አንለፍ። ለራሳችን ሰዎች ጎሰኛ አመለካከቶች ማስተባበያ መፈለግ የለብንም። «አካፋን አካፋ» እንበል። ያልዘራነው አይበቅልም፣ ያልኮተኮትነው አያድግም። የኢትዮጵያ አምላክ ይርዳን።   

ይቆየን

12 comments:

Anonymous said...

Better than your bad article written in the name of a group targeting Tegarus (by the way the first thing to learn is to say tegaru (plural) tigraway ( single male or generic) tigraweyti (single female)). Trying to understand each other is a way to go.

Anonymous said...

Dear, you are saying that there is institutional tribalism. I agree and we must try to minimize its negative effects. I am sure you are not arguing against ethno-linguistic regional boundaries. I think ethno-linguistic federal arrangement is not a matter of choice for Ethiopia. It is a matter of fact. This is exactly reflected in Diaspora communities which shows that the beginning and end of the problem is not the political system in Ethiopia. Don't get things wrong as if this problem starts in the past 25 years. It only gets worse. Am sure you know that each and every one had to attend primary education in Amharic in the pre 1991 era. At the same time, administrators used to be assigned from the center and they had to be fluent in Amharic. Many argue that this benefits people of Amharic language background much more than others. Based on that it's been argued that Amhara was a benefited group. Do you agree with this logic? If yes, you are logically consistent in considering Tigre as beneficiary now. If not, I think you have a SERIOUS problem in being consistent and there is nothing but 'RACISM' (In your definition) which prevented you from looking at this simple logic. The fact that something is told several times doesn't make it TRUE.

Kesis Solomon said...

Dear Dn Ephrem

Endet Senebetih.....Sorry for my Guramayile... I was rather wanted to use one of our languages...But I don't have the software and could not make it by my computer at the moment.

Thank you for this well written article!

I'm one of the followers of your blog. But, this is my first commentary on your views and now I feel that you come to the right direction as one Christian (a member of EOTC). I was frustrated by the reactions here and there ( I mean many of the teenagers are washed away by such useless racism). I do believe that we shall differentiate one political group from the rest of citizens (in other words TPLF and the people of Tigray shall not be seen always same. There are tremendous innocent Christians in the rural far areas ( even who do not know such extremism)

And forgive me if there is anything I commented wrongly and for my poor English too.

Kesis negn ...will come back on some other issues

Cheir yigtemen...dehina Senbit

Anonymous said...

To Anonymous above who argued for "ethno-linguistic-regional boundaries":

Ethnic boundaries for Ethiopia were first devised by European colonists who envisioned the project to eventuate in Ethiopia's disintegration. The current rulers were nourished and brought up to power by way of western investment, intelligence and espionage operation. They were, in effect, assignee by western interest as of 25 years ago. Land-locking Ethiopia, stopping the Tana Beles project (by the way that would have been the sole positive contribution of the Derg if it were left to bear fruit) and dividing Ethiopia along selective ethnic lines were the principal assignments given to them to implement immediately. Division along ethnic lines is therefore the prescription of forces hostile to the entity called Ethiopia. Now let's look at Ethiopia's ethnic federalism closely:

a- It fostered institutional tribalism much along the lines of earlier institutionalized western racism. It institutionalized ethnic favoritism and nepotism. That is one institutionalized corruption at the outset.
b- There are more than 80 ethnic groups in Ethiopia. Only seven were picked to demarcate the ethnic map. More than 73 of them were thrown under the rug. Clearly it is unjust. A balanced and equitable social system would either make more than 80 states within Ethiopia or, if that is not feasible, would abandon the inequity altogether.
c- A country like Ethiopia will need a common language to hold its people together. Two or three common languages are ok, but at least one common language is necessary for a country to function in all manners of business, interaction, movements, residential choices, networks etc. Every local language is kept intact everywhere in this case. Nothing is lost here but a uniting factor is upheld.
d- Ethnic boundaries foster ethnic rivalries leading to hatred and conflicts. Non-ethnic administrative boundaries nurture integration and social cohesion.
e- If there has to be ethnic delineation, why not faith based delineations? Why are faith divisions any less than ethnic segregation? Ethnic boundaries don't make sense at all.

There are better, satisfying ways and equitable methods of demarcating administrative boundaries where everyone will be happy. We can discuss that here.

HM

Anonymous said...

How are you Dn Dr Ephrem? Fine thanks to our Almighty. Your articles are genuinely written from your deep feeling. Unlike Dn Dani who writes based on dominating status quo, you are couragous enough to state the actual problems and ways foreward. The majority of the Ethiopian people is brought up in Christian tradition and impartiality based on ethnicity had no space. This trend has been changed by instititunally organized groups and later imposed up on the people by puppet religious fathers. The main issue that the Ethiopian people questions is freedom and justice of all sorts. Which ever ethnic group comes to power is not a problem to us. Any one of the 80s ethnic groups which is committed and diligent enough to bring equality, could administer us. We ethiopians have deep love for one another. I am Oromo. My family, during childhood, and my church (MK)taught me to love all people. I had/have many friends and colleagues from various ethnics. My brother you and the ones like you who lived amidst the Oromos can witness the reality. That is why you overflowed and lament the melancholy of this great people of east Africa. If my comment alluded to be ethnic, please forgive me. Thank you so much!

Anonymous said...

My brother, to start with, I didn't simply argue for ethno-linguistic boundaries. I rather mentioned that it's a fact of life. I agree with you that most of the things you mentioned appeal to me. But mentioning problems of the system is only half way to the solution. Do you think it is possible to ignore linguistic boundaries? Do you speak a language other than Amharic? Assume you have a child who only speaks Oromifa. Do you think it's just to require him to learn Amharic to be able to attend school? If yes, do you also feel the same way had your child been able to speak Amharic and is required to learn Oromifa JUST to be able to pursue primary education? The pre-1983 Ethiopia used to force everyone to learn amharic at the age of 5. Would you be comfortable with that if you have a mother tongue other than Amharic?

Anonymous said...

My brother, so for you our church is equivalent to MK? Just curious with your bracket reference.

Anonymous said...

Dear brother, let me assume you are just worried about language and challenge you with a question. Today our kids are required to learn English (almost from KG ). Is this racism or giving more opportunity to them? I think, this is not because we want our kids become 'ferenj' but we are trying to maximize their opportunity to be competent in the global world. Do you agree? I think it is rather fare to say elementary school education conducted in any language of choice of the local administration but should not be imposed on the residents and (at least) private schools should be allowed to conduct education in the language of their choice- depending on the market . But there is no scientific reason that prevent us to teach our kids more than one Ethiopian languages. In short, I prefer my kid learn more than one language in Ethiopia (even if none of those belong to my ethnic group). That is the opportunity the Ethiopian People are denied in the last 25 years. By the way, i think is is safe to say the current education system contributed to ethical divisions in the society (as designed by the politicians) rather it helped to grow the individual languages.If my parents are from ethic group 1 (do not forget, there are many millions who can not fit themselves in one of the 'box' EPRDF created for us) why I am obliged to live in Region X or learn language Y while learning the other language(s) is more advantages to me? I think the discussion is important but do not forget that it is complex and we got to discuss freely without condemning the other side.

I was listening to the following discussions on Wazema Radio and found it really interesting
http://wazemaradio.com/?p=1972
http://wazemaradio.com/?p=2006
http://wazemaradio.com/?p=2148
http://wazemaradio.com/?p=2161

Anonymous said...

Thank you for your civil reply my brother. I agree with you in that choice of language should be seen from a pragmatic perspective and it should not be imposed. If I have to state my personal wish, I wish there was nothing like ethnic division. Indeed I don't consider myself a member of any of the ethnic groups in Ethiopia. I am sure there are many people like me (may be including yourself). My concern is not just about education and language. I am realist. Do you think it's possible to establish a government in the future Ethiopia without due regard to linguistic boundaries? Is it practically feasible to disestablish regions named after ethnic groups? I don't think so. The reason is clear. Don't forget that ethnic propaganda is easy to win support in a country like that of ours. Why do you think EPLF and TPLF were successful whereas EPRP failed? Why do you think Jawar and the Bete Amhara crew have practical impact on the ground? Why do you think Mesfin Negash's facebook posts do not have a comparable number of likes than the likes of Jawar and Muluken Tesfaw? If this is the case for people obsessed with centrist politics, have you ever thought about the ideas from regions like the Ogaden and Afar? My message is that, our problem is not the federalism per se. It's the way it has been implemented with an ill conceived approach which negates the overarching Ethiopian identity. Let's forget EPRDF (I think its expired date has just passed). If EPRDF gives way as demanded, can you see an option better than respecting ethno linguistic boundaries with some minor readjustment? If not, can Ethiopia continue to be peaceful? While commenting on EPRDF, it's equally fair to question the alternatives.

Anonymous said...

Yes, I see an option better than ethnology-linguistic boundaries:

Kifle hagers become self-governing states (like it was in the Axumite period) and Geez or Amharic or Oromiffa will be spoken by all and each state makes the dominant language in the state mandatory to all residents besides the national.

The more futurist path would be to pick one language (Geez or Amharic or Oromiffa or any other) and build it up using all languages of Ethiopia by establishing a language enrichment task team or BalesilTan. No foreign names for anything but purely Ethiopian names. For example the name for computer can be formulated from, say, some descriptions of the Wolayita language and the name for a specific new job could come from Anuak or Agew. We can make a more beautiful and cohesive oneness while maintaining all language and other treasures we have.

HM

Anonymous said...

My brother, was there a notion of kifle hager during the Axumite period? I think Kifle Hager arrangement was introduced by Derg. I don't have a problem if it is actually a solution. But be realistic, can Geez be a secular language at this stage? How about your proposal to impose Amharic or Oromiffa on every territory? For me, it is undemocratic and indeed senseless to force someone in Tigrai, Afar, Somali, Sidamo, Wolayta, Gurage etc to speak either Amharic or Oromifa. It's better to encourage other languages than making it mandatory which will surely result in restatement. Would you be comfortable if someone forces you to learn the Afar language in a way that you will face consequences if you are unable or unwilling to learn it? If you support that states make the dominant language in their territory mandatory, what exactly is your difference from ethno-linguistic federalism? The kifle hager alternative will only make the size of the states smaller without actually affecting the ethno-linguistic arrangement. People who identify themselves based on ethnicity, won't be happy with your proposal. Do you think you can divide Amhara, Oromia , Tigrai, Somali, Afar, Sidamo, Wolayta...in different zones without resistance from interest groups? Be pragmatic and see how people live. What I strongly support from your proposal is that we should work hard for the national unity. Ethno-linguistic unity is there already. The more we work on the dividing aspects, the likely that we may loose the bigger Ethiopian picture as it is the case now and in the previous 2 decades. But in doing so, you can't undo what's already there. It is possible to do so. But it takes only few years for another protracted armed struggle to surface in Ethiopia. As much as I hate EPRDF for all the divisive tricks it played and is playing, I understand why thy have preferred ethno-linguistic boundaries. However, sticking to ethno-linguistic boundaries should be supported with a rigorous project to properly define and defend the national Ethiopian project. Failure to do either will only invite disaster.

Anonymous said...

Anonymous of August 30 (please sign some name)

Enquan Le-Addisu Amet Adereseh (Kezemene Yohannes wode Zemene Matewos enquan ashegageren)

I brought the Axumite time reference to show the kind of autonomy regions had. From the letters of Marco Polo, for example, and from the Egyptian Copts records we know that during Axumite times Ethiopia had seven kings. The king of kings resided in Axum. There were other six kings, some Christian and some Muslim, and they all pleaded allegiance to the king of kings at Axum. That was a good format perhaps better than TPLF's federalism. Besides it is our own tradition. You have totally misunderstood me. My Kifle Hager suggestion is exemplary and not mandatory, but division along language lines is extremely dangerous as we can see now. You can't espouse ethnic federalism and Ethiopian unity at the same time. The two things are a contradiction of terms. I am not suggesting for anything to be imposed but I am suggesting a common language be served to all in order for us to stay as one country. You are speaking TPLF language introducing a notion of "imposition." TPLF uses many words like that such as "chauvinists" and "narrow nationalists" to intimidate and swindle Ethiopians. Open discussion is necessary without branding. The sitting government has already dismantled Ethiopia twenty five years ago when it adopted Italy's ethnic map which was designed for strategic reasons by Italy. Are you aware of countries divided along language lines? If you do, please enlighten us on their sweet fruits. India has more than two thousand five hundred ethnic groups. China has fifty five. Are they lined up along language divisions? Definitely not. Many other countries have more or less language groups than Ethiopia. Europe was divided along language lines but as different countries. They are trying to transcend that although the British pulled out of it.


HM

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